Technologies and devices for Internet of Things and Edge Computing
Chair: Adrian M. Ionescu (EPFL, Switzerland)
Venue: Medium Aula B
In the future, major innovations will require holistic approaches encompassing silicon and cloud technologies in the context of big/abundant data analytics. There is still a very important role to be played by innovations in energy efficient technologies, devices, and system architectures and design, building on the success of silicon CMOS. This tutorial is addressing some of the stringent challenges of Internet of Things and Edge Computing in terms of energy efficient technologies, sensor network architectures, energy harvesting, power management and the design in most advanced low power CMOS technologies such as Ultra-Thin Body Fully Depleted Silicon On Insulator. The speakers will detail the state of the art in the field and will illustrate their talks with concrete examples and implementations. A particular attention will be dedicated to the use of IoT in medicine and smart living.
8.00-8.30 – Registration
Technologies and Devices for IoT – Part I
8:30 – 9:15 – Adrian Ionescu, EPFL, Switzerland – Energy efficient technologies and devices for enabling Artificial Intelligence at the Edge: an Overview
9:15 -10:00 – Emilio Calvanese Strinati, CEA-LETI, France – Smart IoT sensors for medicine and smart living
10:00-10.30 – Coffee break
Technologies and Devices for IoT – Part II
10:30 – 11:15 – Thomas Skotnicki, CEZAMAT WUT, Poland & CENTERA Laboratories, UNIPRESS, Poland – Energy harvesting and power management for sub-milliWatt IoT nodes (I)
11:15 -12:00 – Mathieu Coustans, EM Microelectronic, Marin, Switzerland and Maher Kayal, EPFL, Switzerland – Energy harvesting and power management for sub-milliWatt IoT (II)
12:00 – 12:45 – Stephane Monfray, ST Microelectronics, France – Designing ultralow power IoT systems with UTBB FD-SOI
12:45 – 13:00 – Q & A session with all speakers
13.00-14.00 – Lunch
1. Adrian Ionescu, EPFL, Switzerland – Energy efficient technologies and devices for enabling Artificial Intelligence at the Edge: an Overview
Abstract:Analysts predict that by 2025 AI-related semiconductors will account for 20% percent of all semiconductor demand, corresponding to a $67 billion in revenue, at a growth rate that is 5x higher than the one in conventional semiconductor applications. This overview includes major trends in basic hardware technologies needed to support the Artificial Intelligence Applications at the Edge: energy efficient sensing, computation and communications. We will illustrate some of the most promising trends in wearable computing and sensing. We will also highlight the importance of more decentralizing strategies in AI, as the new breathing of the computer industry, with edge computing is a natural next step.
2. Thomas Skotnicki, CEZAMAT, Poland – Energy harvesting and power management for sub-milliWatt IoT nodes (I)
Abstract: Internet of Things involves a huge number of communicating devices deployed in our environment as well as in surrounding objects. Related to Iot terms such as: Smart Planet, WSN (wireless sensor nets), Swarm, TSensors (trillion sensors), Internet of Everything, M2M (machine to machine), Smart Dust, etc. give an idea of the global and ubiquitous dimension of IoT. The economical aspect of IoT is also hard to be overestimated since none of the former High Tech revolutions has reached the volume of trillion unit market. This new enormous dimension of the market sets many new technical challenges, and among them the question of powering the IoT devices. The usage of batteries for this purpose could seem the simplest and the most natural, if not the fact that IoT devices will be often placed in inaccessible loci (in the volume or elements of constructions, buildings, machines, cars, industrial installations, urban infrastructure, rural vast areas, etc.). Changing trillions of batteries periodically may thus turn out to be more difficult and costly than their fabrication and deployment. Therefore, energy self-sustainability or self-powering of IoT devices is considered a key feature. In this SC we will deliberate on main kinds of energy harvesters (PV, TEGs, vibrational, EM and RF). We will explain their operation principles, pros and cons, their state of the art, and their development perspectives and challenges.
3. Mathieu Coustans, EM Microelectronic, Marin, Switzerland and Maher Kayal, EPFL, Switzerland – Energy harvesting and power management for sub-milliWatt IoT (II)
Abstract: Computing at the edge, in the fog, or in the cloud is Building on the success of scaling of silicon CMOS. Nowdays mm3 computing defines the state of the art in terms of integration including the whole functions needed to operate an edge node in the sub-milliWatt region. Such computers are comparable to a grain of sea salt. In this context, there is still a very important role to be played by innovations in energy efficient technologies, devices, design, and system architectures. This tutorial paper is addressing some of the stringent challenges of Internet of Things and Edge Computing in terms of energy efficient technologies. It attempt at providing some scaling number based estimation of the power load and a focus on power management and energy harvesting circuits in CMOS technologies.
2. Stephane Monfray, ST Microelectronics, France – Designing ultralow power IoT systems with UTBB FD-SOI
Abstract: As IoT market is booming, the role of energy harvesting will be a key enabler for the development of abandoned sensors. Thanks to the conjunction of ultra-low power electronic development and by changing the paradigm of energy harvesting, the integration of autonomous sensors and electronics with ambient energy harvesting will be achievable. The tutorial will address innovative solutions for implementing optimized systems to demonstrate complete ultra-low power autonomous wireless sensors working with µW power, and we will focus on solutions offered by CMOS compatible technologies: FDSOI low power circuits, innovative power management to optimize energy harvesting, and what silicon technologies can provide for innovative energy harvesters.
Adrian M. Ionescu is a Professor at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland. He is an IEEE Fellow and he served in the past for 2 terms (total of 6 years) as Editor of IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices and as member. He received the B.S. &M.S. in Electronics and Telecommunications in 1989 from the University ‘Politehnica’ Bucharest, Romania. He holds two PhDs: in Microelectronics, from University ‘Politehnica’ Bucharest (1994) and in Physics of semiconductor devices from the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble, France (1997). He held staff and/or visiting positions at LETI‐Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), and Stanford University, USA, in 1998 and 1999. He was Invited Professor with Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, in 2012 and 2016. Prof. Ionescu has published more than 500 articles in international journals and conference proceedings. He is the recipient of IBM Faculty Award 2013 for contributions to the Engineering of the André Blondel Medal 2009 of the Society of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Paris, France. In 2015 he was elected as a member of the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SATW). In the same year he received the Outstanding Achievement Award of SATW for the successful coordination and delivery of the first Swiss Technology Outlook. In 2016 he received the prestigious Advanced ERC (European Research Council) Grant for individual senior scientists in Europe to develop a 5-year research programs aiming at 100 millivolt switches and sensors for Internet-of-Things.
Emilio Calvanese Strinati obtained his Engineering Masters degree in 2001 from the University of Rome ‘La Sapienza’ and his Ph.D in Engineering Science in 2005 on Radio link control for improving the QoS of wireless packet transmission. He then started working at Motorola Labs in Paris in 2002. Then in 2006 he joint CEA/LETI as a research engineer. From 2007, he becomes a PhD supervisor. Since 2011 he is the Smart Devices & Telecommunications European collaborative strategic programs Director. E. Calvanese Strinati has published around 70 papers in international conferences and books chapters, and is the main inventor or co-inventor of more than 50 patents. He has organized more than 30 international workshops and special sessions on green communications and heterogeneous networks hosted in international conferences as IEEE GLOBECOM, IEEE PIMRC, IEEE WCNC, IFIP, and European Wireless. Dr. Calvanese Strinati has been the co-chair of the wireless working group in GreenTouch from April 2010 to January 2012. Since 2012 he is the strategy director of the Smart Devices & Telecommunications Strategy Program Director and in 2013 he has been elected as one of the 5G PPP steering board members.
Thomas Skotnicki was with France Telecom from 1985 till 1999 when he joint STMicroelectronics. He became the first STMicroelectronics Company Fellow and Technical Vice-President. He invented the UTBB FDSOI structure (in production at STMicroelectronics, GF and Samsung). Today he is the Co-Leader of the CENTERA project (International Research Agenda funded by Foundation for Polish Science), Director of the CEZAMAT Consortium and Professor at Warsaw University of Technology, Poland. He holds 80 patents and has authored close to 400 scientific papers, and several book chapters on CMOS and Energy Harvesting. His models/software MASTAR were used by ITRS for 12 consecutive editions for calculations of CMOS roadmaps. He is an IEEE Fellow, has supervised 31 PhD theses, during 8 years served as Editor for IEEE TED, was on JJ Ebers and Frederik Philips IEEE Award Committees, and served in Executive Committees of all big conferences in his field (IEDM, Symposia on VLSI, ESSDERC, ICSICT, ECS, etc).
Mathieu Coustansreceived the M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from ENSEEIHT Toulouse in 2014 and Ph.D Degree from the Ecole Polytechnique Fédé rale de Lausanne (EPFL) in 2019. He was mixed signal designer for Thales Alenia Space from 2011-2014. He joined EM Microelectronic, Marin, Switzerland during the first Quarter of 2015. From March 2015 to December 2018 he was working towards the Ph.D. degree at the Electronics Laboratory at the EPFL. His work focused on ultra-low power design methodology for frequency generation in the IoT design space. He Joined EM Microelectronic, Marin, From January 2019 until April 2019 as a Senior mixed-signal designer in the Emerging Business, Business-unit. He has published a dozen scientific papers, co-authored text books dedicated to power-management in the internet of everything, and holds three patents.
Maher Kayal received the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland in 1983 and 1989, respectively. He has been with the Electronics Laboratories, EPFL, since 1990, where he is currently a Professor and the Director of the Energy Management and Sustainability section. He has authored many scientific papers, co-authored five textbooks dedicated to mixed-mode CMOS design and he holds nine patents. His current research interests include analog and mixed-signal circuits design including highly linear and tunable sensors microsystems, signal processing, and green energy management. Mr. Kayal was a recipient of the Swiss Ascom Award in 1990 for the best work in telecommunication fields, several awards in the ED and TC Conference in 1997, the IEEE-AQTR in 2006, the Mixdes Conference in 2009, and the Power Tech Conference in 2009, the Poland Section IEEE ED Chapter Special Award in 2011, the Swiss Credit Award for best teaching in 2009, and the Electronics Letters Journal Premium Award in 2013.
Dr. Stéphane Monfray is the Principal Scientist in the Silicon Technologies Department at STMicroelectronics in Crolles (ST SAS C2). He is born 1975, obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Provence (France) in 2003 and owns an engineering degree in Semiconductor Science from INSA Lyon (National Institute of Applied Sciences). Since 2008, he is a member of the STMicroelectronics Experts staff. He was involved in FP6 and FP7 projects (Nanocmos, Pullnano, Duallogic, COMPOSE3), H2020 (NEIRED, COSMICC) and led from 2012 to 2016 a national project (FUI) on energy harvesting. He is the author and co-author of more than 125 publications in major conferences and journals, of more than 50 patents, of a book chapter. He had multiple participations and paper presentations at conferences and contributes now with several invited talks every year. His experiences and expertise are on advanced CMOS, Energy Harvesting and IoT systems, and advanced active Photonic devices. His activities are now focused on the development of advanced technologies for Sensors and Photonic devices for automotive (gyroscopes, sensors, LIDAR). He was the co-recipient of the Paul Rappaport Award in 2000, and he is the co-recipient of the 2012 French Electronic Grand Prize “General Ferrié” for his work on thin-film devices.